I don’t completely disagree with your points, Abbas. There are always points and counterpoints. I don’t believe you can, however, equate McDonaldization with democracy. They are two different concepts. I do agree constraints can be a useful tool in design — though this is often overstated. Assuming we do not pass those constraints on to the user through the use of these frameworks, they probably can serve a purpose. To be clear, I am not entirely opposed to frameworks and models. I am, however, opposed to using them because they are the established norm. I am opposed to using them in place of developing our own model that fits our specific design problems.